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Bass Players To Know: George Porter Jr.

George Porter, Jr.

It should be no surprise that George Porter, Jr.’s picture was used to feature our announcement of the Bass Players to Know series, because frankly, he’s one of the funkiest men out there. Devilishly hiding behind an old, authentically road worn Fender P-bass, he can speak volumes with a single note played in just the right place. So, for all of you adventuring into the world of funk and New Orleans based grooves, Porter is most certainly a bass player to know.

So Who Is George Porter, Jr.?

George Porter, Jr.George Porter, Jr. is a native of New Orleans, Louisiana. Growing up in a musical family, he was exposed to church choirs, jazz, and traditional New Orleans music. Although he initially played rhythm guitar, he made the switch to bass after meeting and having a few lessons from another New Orleans bass player, Benjamin “Poppi” Francis. At a young age, Porter developed a friendship with drummer Joe “Zigaboo” Modeliste the two began jamming and playing local clubs. In his late teens, he met Art Neville and was asked to join his band, Neville Sound. Many local club gigs and a few line-up changes later, the core group of Art Neville, Zigaboo Modeliste, Leo Nocentilli, and Porter signed a record deal with Allen Toussaint and changed their name to The Meters.

During the early to mid 70’s, The Meters released a handful of records and hit the road, eventually opening for the Rolling Stones in 1975. During this time, Toussaint also called upon Porter and other members of The Meters to play on record dates for artists such as Lee Dorsey, Robert Palmer, and Dr. John. Although The Meters eventually decided to part ways in 1977, various members have reunited over the years, adopting names such as The Funky Meters and The Original Meters.

After the initial breakup of The Meters, Porter formed the band Joyride and continued to do session work. He can be heard on records with Taj Mahal, Tori Amos, John Scoffield, Patti LaBelle, Albert King, David Byrne, Warren Haynes, Robbie Robertson, and many others. He currently continues to tour with The Runnin’ Pardners, The Funky Meters, and various other projects.

Let’s Talk Style

As I visit and revisit some of the old Meters tunes, I can’t help but notice the greatest groove-inducing element: space. Porter usually begins with a distinctive line, often of just a few notes, that is enhanced by the accompanying swing of the rhythm guitar. The simple phrase leaves room for organ embellishments and the highly syncopated, second-line inspired drums and percussion (“Fire On The Bayou” and “People Say” are great examples of this). His mature and minimalist approach is the basis for many of the hit instrumental tunes from the group… he functions as the foundation of the groove, the rice of the gumbo.

From a harmonic standpoint, Porter’s approach to songs with a major tonality frequently pulls from a “bayouized” version of an arpeggio with the addition of a 6th. A common pattern in blues and Zydeco (a traditional Louisiana/Cajun genre), he adds glissandos or half-step pickups as he moves through the major pentatonic scale. This creates a bit of tension, particularly when he accentuates a chromatic triplet line (2-b3-3). More often than not, Porter creates a groove simply using the root, 5th, and 7th, leaving plenty of room for harmonic interpretation by the soloists and intricate fills that flirt with thirds. This provides him with an interesting advantage; he can choose to pronounce the flat third to firmly dictate a minor tonality or to add bluesy dissonance with a major third over a 9th or #9th chord.

Where Can I Hear Him?

“Hey Pocky A-Way” (The Meters: Rejuvenation)

The Meters: RejuvenationKicking off with Zigaboo’s signature New Orleans style drum groove, Porter enters the mix with an attention-grabbing lick. He relies heavily on “gulping” slides as he jumps registers and casually brushes a 7th chord double stop before settling into the trademark groove of the song. Maintaining a consistent groove through all of the verses, Porter exemplifies the concept of space with a two bar phrase that leaves the last two beats open. This creates anticipation for the return of the bass and allows space for horn stabs and a single percussive clap on beat four.

Listen: iTunes | Amazon MP3

“Medley: Cissy Strut/Soul Island/You’re the One” (The Funky Meters: Fiyo at the Fillmore, Vol. 1)

The Funky Meters: Fiyo at the Fillmore, Vol. 1This particular track is a great window into the live playing of Porter. With more improvisation and wiggle room, the band plays a medley beginning with their best-known hit, “Cissy Strut.” Porter takes a heavily punctuated and staccato approach to the notes (as compared to the original record) and lets loose during the jam and solo section. Relying heavily on the root, 5th, and 2nd, he outlines the harmony of a 9th chord but leaves plenty of space for the funky interpretation of the major and minor 3rd. He settles into another groove theme towards the end of the jam, accenting the 6th and flat 7th to heighten the dynamic solo section before returning to the main theme. Jumping into the Caribbean style “Soul Island,” the band is ushered in by Porter’s rhythmic pulses on the root. Towards the end of this section of the medley, Porter plays a syncopated harmony line to accompany the lead guitar line before leaving room for the drum breakdown and transition to “You’re The One.”

No previews available.

“Sneakin’ Sally Through The Alley” (Robert Palmer: Sneakin’ Sally Through The Alley)

Robert Palmer: Sneakin’ Sally Through The AlleyAs the title track to Robert Palmer’s debut solo record, Porter begins the groove with staccato, 16th note stabs on the root. He fits in amongst the percussive keyboard part and leaves space for the snare accents on beats two and four. After following the chord changes with definitive, yet equally assertive half notes, he concludes the groove structure with a funky lick stemming from the 4th and leading straight back to the 16th note punches on the root. Although there is little, if any, variation in the bass line, he carries the track with his feel and signature lick.

Listen: iTunes | Amazon MP3

How about you? What’s your favorite tune or album with George Porter, Jr.? Please share with us in the comments.

Ryan Madora is a professional bass player and educator living in Nashville, TN. In addition to touring and playing sessions, she fronts an original music project, The Interludes and teaches private lessons. Visit her website to learn more about her music or to inquire about lessons.

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Share your thoughts

Zach

Zach

Art “poppa funk” Neville not Aaron

      Corey Brown

      First, let me be the first commenter here to say thank you to Ryan for this incredible series. A lot of work goes into these.

      Second, to Joachim: it is “Ms. Madora”, but I won’t make a big deal about your mistake.

      It never ceases to amaze me how quickly people are to jump on someone for being human, without offering anything else to the conversation.

        Sillas

        Sillas

        We’ll said Corey, always has to be someone. Why though I don’t get it.
        Well done Ryan keep em coming!!!!!

    Ryan Madora (Author)

    Hey guys, first off: thanks for reading… an immense amount of work goes into these columns and I’m always thankful to those who take the time to visit No Treble and read my writing. Second, I did mistakenly type “Aaron” instead of “Art” (I do know that they are different people). In my attempt to research, write, edit, revise, and repeat, that just happened to slip through the cracks. My apologies. Third, both Aaron and Art are awesome. Viva la funk.

Huw Schmidt

I’ve always loved his playing on “Can You Do Without”

Anthony

Ryan & Corey … Always a treat to read the No Treble column . Great information and insight on the finest bottom dwellers in the land .All for one and one for all .Nice to be part of the No Treble bass family .

Jeff Watson

Ryan, I wait for each installment of this column. It’s such an honor to be lead to these great players, but also to be taught what to listen for. For instance, “Sneaking Sally Through the Alley” has been in my regular play list since before playlists existed, but I have never really *heard* it like I did after reading your column. Thanks again for the time, effort and passion that you put into this column.

Markus

Markus

and here’s the word:

“…notice the greatest groove-inducing element: space.”

thank you, ryan!

Wayne Wilson

Wayne Wilson

Hey Hey Hey Hey Hey Pock-A–Way……