How to Learn Tunes Quickly
One of my Facebook friends raised the subject of remembering tunes, which led me to another thought: how do we learn tunes quickly?
A seasoned bass player might not even know the tune you’re hearing him play. I used to go watch Bob Cranshaw play obscure tunes all night with Jimmy Rowles – nobody, I mean NOBODY knew all these tunes, except longtime singers’ accompanist/musical maestro Rowles. The thing about watching Bob Cranshaw was, you couldn’t tell if he knew a tune or not.
Many years ago I had a gig with the pianist Sy Johnson, playing for the great Helen Humes. I was really green at the time, and didn’t know anything to speak of; as Michael Moore said once. “a bassist is supposed to know all the tunes, but never gets to call any of them.” Yep, that’s my experience. You’re lucky if they even tell you the key… Lately, though, I’ve been running into friendlier types and more collegial atmospheres, but in the old days, look out. On this gig with Sy, he was friendly enough and “cleared” the tunes with me before we did our 2 warmup songs before Helen came out for those sets at Gulliver’s in West Patterson, NJ, “back in the day,” as they say…. Friendly, that is, until I thanked him for doing so. Suddenly, I guess, he perceived the opportunity to teach the green kid a lesson…
The next set he played tunes I never heard before, in front of a roomful of patrons on a busy weekend, back in the days before the internet when people used to go out. I choked.
Enter the lesson. After the set, in response to my visible discomfort, he suggested:
“If you don’t know the root, play something in an upper register. You’re never more than a step away from a chord tone. As soon as you “hear” the chord tone (identify the chord!), resolve the note you played, whatever it was, and see if you can’t get a low-register root in there before the end of the bar. Then, remember it. Think of the tune in sections, like a puzzle, and remember what goes where.” Now, this is great advice, and exactly how you do it. Sometimes there’s a hint in the melody or in some leading thing the pianist might hint at that will get you to the root on time, but—this is the most important part of the lesson—it can be done. You can do it. Many progressions appear again and again in tunes from all eras, and ultimately the question becomes “what goes where?”
On the subject of remembering, and instant analysis, here’s another little story I witnessed:
Eddie Gomez was playing duo with some pianist (how’s that for a change? Instead of “I forget who the bass player was,” I’m saying “I forget who the piano player was!”) who put an original tune in front of him on the 2 AM set at Bradley’s. Eddie picked up the sheet, studied it intently for maybe 20 seconds, then turned it over and played the song as if he had written it. Now THAT’s memorizing!